Biophilia is defined by its founder as humans’ innate tendency to focus on living things, as opposed to the focus on inanimate objects.
Edward Wilson, known as the father of biophilia, is an American biologist who introduced and popularized the hypothesis in his 1984 book, "Biophilia."
In 2016, The World Green Building Council released a report, "Building the Business Case: Health, Well being and Productivity in Green Offices," as part of their Better Places for People campaign. The report shows the global momentum behind green buildings and marks a significant milestone in recognizing biophilic design by scientific and design communities.
The report caught the attention of employers, building owners, designers, developers and investors throughout the world. If office and building design affect the health and well-being of occupants, then devoting time, effort and energy toward implementing biophilic design is a smart business decision, especially with the productivity gains cited in the report.
While biophilic design has often been regarded as a luxury for high-end property owners, advancements in green building products and services has made it easier to incorporate into average projects. Rooted Spaces helps companies and investors include nature in every project, giving them a sound long-term economic investment in health and productivity.
The U.S. Green Building Council now offers a C.E. course on The Economics of Biophilic Design. The course covers the economic argument in favor of biophilic design using case studies from five sectors: workplaces, healthcare, education, retail and built communities.
In 2009, the U.S. National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health released a report titled "Biophilia: Does Visual Contact with Nature Impact on Health and Well-Being?" It concluded that an environment devoid of nature may act as a “discord,” i.e., have a negative effect.
What's more, according to a report published in Architecture Now, research has identified that visible connections to nature can have a positive effect on an individual's stress levels, while urban landscapes can have a negative effect. The findings show that workers in office environments with natural elements, such as greenery and sunlight, report a 15 percent higher level of well-being, are 6 percent more productive and are 15 percent more creative. As urban environments continue to grow, it's imperative that buildings in our cities don't degrade or alienate the natural environment.
Keeping these findings in mind, Rooted Spaces aligns building projects with biophilic design, or those natural processes that support human health and well-being. Through our collaborative processes, we identify the client and community goals and aspirations, and work to develop an implementation plan that delivers higher rates of return than traditional building and design practices.